In Many Aspects of Life, 5G Would Have a Major Impact. 

In Many Aspects of Life, 5G Would Have a Major Impact. 

Tue, Dec 22, 2020 12:23 AM

5G is somewhat different from wireless standards that are 4G and older. It's incredibly fast, reduces delays dramatically, and supports a large number of tightly packed devices, but what does it really mean to you? 

Any of the three significant improvements mentioned above may not seem world-changing in and of themselves, but together in just about every sector, they can make significant changes possible. Some new industries may also be generated by large 5G availability. 

From super-ultra-fast broadband to intelligent and autonomous vehicles, to vast Internet of Things (IoT) networks, 5G may be the catalyst for a much smarter and more connected world.

The FCC currently describes broadband as any internet speed of 25 Mbps down and 3 Mbps up, arise from the 4 Mbps and 1 Mbps defined in 2010. Both are, however, much slower than 5G networks, which are projected to range from 300-1,000 Mbps anywhere, and in some cases even higher. 

As of July 2019, the average download speed for mobile users in the US was about 34 Mbps, but more people on mobile networks will carry even faster broadband internet with them wherever they go with the newest generation of wireless technology. 

5G is also available through a fixed wireless access (FWA) link for home or business use. This means that a whole building can get a direct 5 G connection from a nearby cell, and inside that building, via existing Wi-Fi connections, any device can take advantage of 5 G speeds, like TVs, game consoles, tablets, desktop computers, laptops, etc.

When it's used outside of a town, FWA gets really interesting. It is not unusual for people to have speedy internet in the center of a major city, or even in the suburbs. What's unusual is providing a quick and stable link for people in the region. 

These people can eventually switch to something much better than satellite or [brace yourself...] dial-up as 5G is set up on the outskirts of a city or farther into rural areas, even though it is not as high-end as what is found in heavily populated areas.

Cities, Smart Cars, and Factories 

With smart car add-ons and built-in technologies like lights and wipers that automatically turn on, adaptive cruise, lane control, and even semi-autonomous driving, cars are already pretty smart. 5G, however, would make a quantum leap in car tech-no, no flying cars yet, but there are many exciting changes coming. 

Ultra-reliability and high bandwidth networks are the driving force behind a smart city, just like any other shift 5G can bring. When contact is almost instantaneous and all can communicate with each other in the vicinity, it can all become interconnected and provide productivity like never before.

Smart traffic controls are one case. If 5G is online for an entire city and cars can communicate directly with other cars and traffic lights, traffic signals can respond properly. One day, when no other cars are around, you can stop waiting at a stoplight; the device will know when other vehicles are approaching quickly enough to merit a red light on your side and will let you smoothly cross the intersection otherwise. 

Vehicles, especially self-driving ones, need GPS to know exactly where they are. Although GPS is already super precise, and GPS chips are even more precise in the latest generation, direct car-to-car communication would make the entire experience even better, particularly when it comes to alternate routes and safety.

Other examples of how 5G can one day change the way we drive include avoiding pile-ups and traffic jams. They happen when cars slow down upfront to the point that to prevent an accident, everyone behind them needs to pause. Dozens of cars are lined up until you realize it, and it takes forever for everyone to get moving again. 

Vehicle communications on a 5G network will not let it get that far because any vehicle will know where other vehicles are located and will know in advance that a new route needs to be built or speeds changed to keep traffic running smoothly. If the region is congested with tons of other wireless traffic, this form of always-on data will not be transmitted smoothly or on time; 5G is designed to support these immense data demands.

As autonomous cars rely on a high-bandwidth network, and one-day rural areas will get broadband internet, smart cars will eventually be available in the countryside. For the disabled, elderly, and those who are unable to drive themselves, this will allow safe transportation. 

When it comes to safety, another possible use case for a smart 5G city is to guide traffic: stopping or slowing down for school buses, houses, trains, and other complex scenarios that need extra attention. If 5G-connected sensors are mounted in a construction zone or school buses communicate directly with other cars, drivers can be informed that they need to stay vigilant or stop fully before entering those areas.

Factories will also benefit from 5G, not only in automation but also in enabling remote control of heavy machinery, making it easier to prevent unsafe situations. There is a need for immediate feedback, and 5G has a low latency to sustain it. 

In order to not only have better crops but also save money, smart farms will also emerge from 5G connectivity. Super-accurate farm machinery combined with ground sensors ensures that farmers can have direct feedback on how their crops are doing, allowing them or even the equipment to react properly, and more rapidly than ever before. 

For full automation, add drones to the picture: crops can be watered when necessary and animals fed on time, while you sit back and get instant updates on your phone about how things are going.

It's all on-demand 

You can encounter delays when watching live TV, like the news or a sports show, on 4G or a low-bandwidth Wi-Fi link. Movies and shows can buffer as they wait to download more data. 

With allegedly 'on-demand' online resources, we could go on and on about those not-so-positive encounters. On the other side, 5G is designed to eliminate the delays that cause these issues and has a massive pipeline through which data can fly almost instantly to reach your devices. 

A few other places where the power of 5G can be used are online gaming and video/audio chat. For smooth gameplay, a lag-free experience is required, and real-time feedback during an internet-based video call is important, especially in professional settings.

5G also sets the foundations for a modern way of interacting. It is used to test 3D hologram calls, ranging from gaming to a richer experience during business calls and remote education, with applications. 

Another case of 5G use is in mobile applications. Although it's true that installing apps is just as simple as downloading any application, and 5G makes the entire process seem instant, using web-based software that is already set up and ready for you to stream through a web browser, you can free up storage space and skip installation measures. 

In other words, 5G is creating a future in which you need very little storage on your phone because anything from the cloud is automatically available, including your games.

Healthcare is getting Smarter 

Healthcare should be something you can tap into at any time to share information with your doctor or an AI-powered device, particularly in emergency situations. Exactly where we are going with 5G is an "on-demand doctor." 

Imagine the near future where you not only track your heart rate and rhythm with smart wearables but also your blood sugar, hemoglobin, etc. In an emergency, the last thing you would want is for your computer to withhold the transmission of vital data to your doctor because the connection was sluggish or congested. In order to update your health records for your doctor to see, your 5G-compatible wearable will be able to easily contact a server or warn a family member that your life is out of safe range and that you need urgent care. Without killing the battery, 5G permits regular data transfers at acceptable speeds.

Similarly, being able to upload extremely high-resolution images and videos almost immediately from anywhere on a 5G network enables everyone to update their doctor with visuals that they can potentially diagnose at any time. To save time and money, doctors could one day conduct examinations remotely. 

It is 3D printing and drones in the same lines as urgent treatment. Both are relatively young businesses, but 5G can continue to drive them to a point where it becomes a reality to easily access 3D prototypes and instantly order new materials. Remote places or heavily populated areas where land transport is too slow can soon be instantly cared for by emergency drones.

We have already discussed virtual reality, but in the healthcare sector, it still has particular applications. Trainees who have yet to work on the real thing can use a VR headset to learn the ins and outs about what it's going to be like in the field or use AR at all times to keep the important stuff of the patient in view. 

One day, VR may also be used with drones so that a surgeon or healthcare professional can provide a patient with advice remotely. Very low latency and loads of bandwidth are needed for virtual reality, which is exactly what a high-speed 5G network offers. 

5G seems to be just what we need to let someone around the globe work on a remote professional. Imagine a small hospital with a few doctors and a patient requiring emergency surgery that can only be done by a handful of people around the world. The exceptionally low latency of 5G suggests that the surgery will take place hundreds or even thousands of miles away in real-time.

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